Relative pronoun is a pronoun which introduces a relative clause and connects it to independent clause. Relative pronouns links two sentences or clauses into a single complex clause.
- He is the teacher. He devotedly teaches the students.
- He is the teacher who devotedly teaches the students.
Relative Clause is also known as Adjective clause because relative clause gives essential information about the subject of independent clause. Relative clauses, like adjectives, describe the subject and relative pronouns, like conjunctions are the words which join the clauses.
|Relative Pronouns||Used for||Examples|
|Who (as subject)||Humans only (Both singular and plurals)||She knows the teacher who is smart.
I love the people who are sincere.
|Whom(as object)||Used for people when the person is the object of the verb||The baby whom you loved the most is a teacher now.|
|Which(as subject and object)||Used for things and animals||It is the book which I talked about.|
|That(as subject and object)||Used for people, things and animals||They are the teachers that changed my life.
These are the books that I read.
It is the parrot that sings.
|Whose||Used for possessions of people and animals||He is the boy whose father is writer.
It is the cat whose kittens died.
Link the sentences with relative pronouns.
- He saw the cat. The cat ate the parrots.
- It is the book. It belongs to library.
- It is the pen. It was gifted by the grandparents.
- She is the girl. She knows the expert.
- They are the professors. They teach well.
Related Article: Reflexive and Emphatic Pronoun
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